How to take your horse’s vital signs – temp, pulse, and respiration!
- It’s important to know how your horse is on a daily basis so that you can be alerted to anything that’s “off” before you see any signs that something is wrong. For example, when you take your horse’s temperature, it’s a little higher than normal. You can then check all other vitals, notice water, manure, attitude, and food consumption.
- This also alerts you to monitor your horse throughout the day, and call your veterinarian. Without this check, perhaps your horse’s fever would go unnoticed until nightfall and could be much more serious.
You need to dig deep to listen to the heartbeat. Stand on your horse’s left side and place your stethoscope between his elbow and chest. Your hand may disappear!
Check your horse’s vital signs daily
- It’s also critical to know your horse’s vitals so that in an emergency, you can inform the veterinarian what is normal vs. what is going on at the present moment.
- For example, you suspect colic, and your horse’s temperature is normal, but his capillary refill time is longer and his respiration is higher. Good to know, right?
- An increase in respiration and/or heart rate while your horse is resting is a sign of PAIN. Your horse may be acting normal, but he hurts somewhere.
The normal horse vital sign values
Temperature – 99.5 to 101.5
For foals, up to 102 is normal.
Pulse (Heart Rate) – 24 to 40 beats per minute, although most horses are between 32 and 36.
For newborn foals, 80 to 100 is normal, and for older foals, 60 to 80 is normal.
Respiration – 8 to 12 breaths per minute
For foals, 60-80 breaths per minute
Capillary Refill – approximately 2 seconds
How to use a stethoscope!
How to take your horse’s temp, pulse, and respiration
- For temperature, a good thermometer is key. Some folks like digital because it’s quick and they don’t shatter if you drop them, some folks believe they are inaccurate, especially if the battery is draining.
- Use a bit of lubrication, like saliva or jelly, and insert into the rectum under the tail. Be very safe and cautious the first few times doing this! Stand next to your horse, and have a helper. I like non-petroleum based lubes, like KY, but the choice is yours.
Pick your tool! I like the digital – they are fast, but the batteries poop out eventually. See what I did there?
- For measuring your horse’s heart rate you can use a stethoscope on the left side of the chest behind the elbow. You need to really jam the end of the stethoscope into your horse’s armpit area. Your Vet can guide you.
- Count beats for 30 seconds and multiply by 2.
- You can also put your fingers across the lingual artery which runs at the bottom of the jaw across the bone to count your horse’s pulse.
- For respiration, watch your horse’s chest or flank area. This is literally so easy to do.
- For the capillary refill, press your thumb firmly into the gums. Remove quickly and measure the time it takes for the white gum to return to pink.
- When you are checking gums, if you find any abnormal gum colors such as shades of red, blue or white, these are life-threatening. Call your veterinarian right away.
If you want to easily shop for TPR tools, you can click these links. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases, which are not a penny more for you. I couldn’t be more grateful for your support!
ADC Veterinary Thermometer, Dual Scale, Adtemp 422 – For easy temperature taking
3M Littmann Classic III Monitoring Stethoscope, Black Edition Chestpiece, Black Tube, 27 inch, 5803 – For finding heart rate and gut sounds