Your horse’s skin in winter – special considerations for cold weather!

 

Winter is a great time for most horses – they seem to enjoy the cold weather, sometimes the cold weather friskies are outta hand, they are not plagued by bugs, and often their exercise schedule is reduced because of lack of daylight. What horse doesn’t love that?

 

jump to shopping

 

But the winter can also create its own problems when it comes to your horse’s skin.

 

  • This is because of a few reasons – less sunlight, more hair, it just happens that way, bacteria, lots of factors.

 

  • I’m not saying that a furry horse is definitely going to get a skin infection, or bacteria comes out of the woodwork and takes over the horse skin universe.

 

  • It’s just part of the much larger picture. Your Vet should always be involved with any horse skin issues, as systemic medications may be warranted. Your Vet can run appropriate skin tests to confirm a diagnosis and create a treatment plan.

 

gray horse with large mud patches in stall

Mud and hair and sweat and dirt and lack of sun all play into your horse’s winter skin health.

 

Wintertime grooming has its own set of challenges, first on my list of challenges is daylight and cold.

 

  • Loosely translated into I can’t see it’s too dark, and also I don’t like the cold. And, the lack of sunlight makes ringworm (a fungus) more likely to crop up. Ringworm lives in the environment and eats keratin for a living. Your horse’s skin and hair are made of keratin, and you will find a circular patch where ringworm is having a buffet. It’s good to remember that ringworm is contagious to other horses and to humans, also. Just super.

 

  • Rain rot, scratches, general dermatitis of the skin also can easily flare up during winter. These bacterial infections love moist skin to multiply – so rainy, muddy, winter conditions are perfect for these bacteria. Even if your horse is protected from all things mud and rain and winter weather, his own sweat can create the perfect environment. Rain rot is also contagious to other horses via brushes and blankets and the like, so be diligent about cleaning your grooming supplies and not sharing grooming tools.

 

large patch of rain rot next to a horse's tail

A large patch of rain rot! This case was healed with the help of internal medications.

 

  • And then come the lice. Lice love the winter, they can spend their entire lives on your horse eating, breeding, and generally causing trouble. Most are visible to the naked eye if you look deep into the mane. A horse with lice will have one of two varieties – the bloodsucking kind, or the kind that eats skin and hair and causes massive itching. You will often find greasy skin and dandruff around a lice problem. And yes, your horse’s brushes and blankets can pass this along to his buddies.

 

  • And then come the mites. These critters cause dermatitis, scaly skin, mange, and other gross conditions. Of course, mites love winter conditions. Mange is particularly gross, the mites may take up residence in hair follicles, causing hair loss. Other mites cause mange and prefer to bite and drink up lymphatic fluid. These types of infections usually cause hair loss, pustules, scabs, and horribly sensitive and itchy skin. And once again, will be spread to other horses via brushes and blankets.

 

rain rot patches and dandruff

Hair loss plus dandruff – only your veterinarian can determine what it is, and how to treat it.

 

  • Your horse also may get some dandruff from dry skin – which sometimes is caused by mites or lice, sometimes it’s just dandruff.

 

  • Again, your vet can do the tests and find a definitive diagnosis that will lead to your horse’s comfort and healing.

 

  • Generally speaking – a fuzzy horse will sweat more during exercise, which may help create a skin issue. It’s also a bit trickier to catch skin infections early with a hairy coat. BUT – clipping is not for every horse and every horse owner. Just be aware and alert to winter skin issues.

 

What about leg skin infections in winter?

 

  • Many horses get leg funk, scratches, sores, and dermatitis on their legs in winter. Mud and longer coats can often leave a horse with problematic legs.

 

  • Consider clipping your horse’s legs in the winter. You don’t have to go bald, you can use a clipper guard to just shorten things.

 

  • You can also use barriers to mud, like special horse socks that can get wet and muddy and gross to keep your horse’s legs healthy.

 

horse wearing silver whinny socks for horses

These are Silver Whinnys from Sox for Horses. Literal skin savers, and please let your horse get them as muddy as possible. No problem.

 

go shopping button for horse products

Click these links to shop for horse supplies. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases, which are not a penny more for you. I couldn’t be more grateful for your support! You can also visit my Amazon storefront here:  PEG storefront.

Big Hoss - Outlaw Nutrition

Omega 3's plus gut health support in a delicious flax formula.

Whinny Wellies from Sox For Horses

Tough, weather-resistant covering for wraps and bandaging.

SHAPLEY'S Medi-Care Med Shampoo W/Tea Tree & Lemon Grass, 32 oz
$19.98

The best shampoo for shine and soothing.

03/03/2024 08:53 pm GMT
03/03/2024 04:07 pm GMT
03/03/2024 09:24 am GMT
SHAPLEY'S Medi-Care Med Shampoo W/Tea Tree & Lemon Grass, 32 oz
$19.98

The best shampoo for shine and soothing.

03/03/2024 08:53 pm GMT
Shapley’s 32 oz. Color Enhancing Shampoo - Whitening Formula
$21.06

For all colors - to add shine and help lift stains.

03/03/2024 04:28 am GMT
Shapley's Equitone 32 oz. Color Enhancing Shampoo, GOLD
$20.57

Brighten duns, palominos, and golden colors.

03/03/2024 04:57 am GMT
Shapley's 32 oz. Color Enhancing Shampoo, BLACK
$20.94

For dark bays, black points, and black horses

03/03/2024 04:23 am GMT
SHAPLEY'S 32 oz. Color Enhancing Shampoo, RED
$24.95

For chestnuts and some bays

03/03/2024 04:37 am GMT
Shapley's No.2 Heavy Oil
$18.99

For deep conditioning and detangling - coat, mane, and tail.

03/03/2024 05:18 am GMT
Shapley's No.1 Light Oil
$19.99 ($0.62 / Fl Oz)

For shine, conditioning, detangling, and stain protection.

03/04/2024 01:38 am GMT
Fly Whisk
$39.90

For *mostly* bug free riding

03/04/2024 09:22 am GMT
03/04/2024 01:12 am GMT
03/03/2024 04:52 am GMT
03/03/2024 04:32 am GMT
03/03/2024 05:32 am GMT
03/03/2024 05:28 am GMT
Cashel Quiet Ride Horse Fly Mask with Long Nose and Ears
$24.95

This style is great for riding!

03/03/2024 05:27 am GMT
Shires Sweet-Itch Combo Fly Sheet 69
$149.99 ($149.99 / Count)
03/03/2024 04:57 am GMT
03/03/2024 06:42 am GMT
03/03/2024 11:23 am GMT
03/03/2024 03:38 am GMT
Summit Mosquito Dunks
$7.07 ($3.54 / Count)
03/04/2024 01:52 pm GMT
03/03/2024 07:54 am GMT

 

Thank you!